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Christian Universalism


Universalism refers to religious, theological, and philosophical concepts with universal applicaton or applicability. Universalism is a term used to identify particular doctrines considering all people in their formation… In Christianity, universal reconciliation is the doctrine that all sinful and alienated human souls—because of divine love and mercy—will ultimately be reconciled to God.”

Christian Universalism

Christian Universalism is a school of Christian theology which includes the belief in the doctrine of universal reconciliation, the view that all human beings and all fallen creatures will ultimately be restored to right relationship with God in Heaven.

The term "Christian Universalism" was used in the 1820s by Russell Streeter of the Christian Intelligencer of Portland – a descendant of Adams Streeter who had founded one of the first Universalist Churches in September 14, 1785. Christian Universalists believe this was the most common interpretation of Christianity in Early Christianity, prior to the 6th century. Christians from a diversity of denominations and traditions believe in the tenets of this belief system, such as the reality of an afterlife without the possibility of eternal presence in hell.

As a Christian denomination, Christian Universalism originates in the late 18th century with the Universalist Church of America. There is currently no single denomination uniting Christian Universalists, but a few denominations teach some of the principles of Christian Universalism or are open to them. In 2007, the Christian Universalist Association was founded to serve as an ecumenical umbrella organization for churches, ministries, and individuals who believe in Christian Universalism.

Unitarian Universalism historically grew out of Christian Universalism but is not an exclusively Christian denomination. It formed from a 1961 merger of two historically Christian denominations, the Universalist Church of America and the American Unitarian Association, both based in the United States.


The two central beliefs which distinguish Christian Universalism from mainstream Christianity are universal reconciliation (all will eventually be reconciled to God without exception, the penalty for sin is not everlasting, i.e. doctrines of everlasting damnation to hell and annihilationism are rejected) and theosis (all souls will ultimately be conformed to the image of divine perfection in Christ).”

The Truth Of The Matter

Recently, as I listened to a preacher on the radio speak on John 4 when Jesus spoke with the Samaritan woman at the well, the Holy Spirit revealed something regarding the fallacy of Christian Universalism. I saw that those who say that illegal immigrants should have the same citizenship as those who followed the laws of the land to gain theirs, and those that say there is no eternal punishment for mankind who disobey God’s law are of the same spirit. Both want something that is permanent without following what is referred to as "due process of law."

Due Process of Law


(Law) the administration of justice in accordance with established rules and principles

(Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003)


The regular administration of a system of laws, which must conform to fundamental and generally accepted legal principles and be applied without favor or prejudice to all citizens.

Also called “due process”.


(Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.)

While driving one day I came upon a Christian radio station discussing the issue of illegal immigration. As I listened, the Holy Spirit revealed to me these people wanted the benefits of living within our society without adhering to the principles that govern it. He showed me that many within the church are living in the exact same manner. They want eternal life without abiding within the laws that govern God’s kingdom.

Illegal Immigration

Illegal immigration refers to the migration of people across national borders, or the residence of foreign nationals in a country, in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country… In the United States a ‘Drop the I-Word’ campaign was launched in 2010 to advocate use of terms such as ‘undocumented immigrant’ or ‘unauthorized immigrants’ to refer to foreign nationals who reside in a country illegally… The term ‘illegal immigrant’ is not valid as a legal concept, because the US law defines an ‘immigrant’ as a person who was lawfully admitted for permanent residence.”

As invalid as it is for there to be an “illegal immigrant,” so is it not possible for there to be an illegal, or “lawless Christian” which is one who continues sinning willfully, with no intent to repent, after turning to Christ (Hebrews 10:26). You cannot live an illegal life in Christ, disobeying the laws that govern His kingdom, and expect to continue dwelling in His righteous and just presence.

Per God’s law, a Christian is also a person who will be lawfully admitted for permanent residence. They are admitted into the kingdom of God for permanent residence because they lived their lives within the prescribed order of God revealed to mankind within His word. By obediently remaining within His well-defined boundaries (i.e. narrow gate Christianity), they will receive their reward which is eternal life. Those who continue to live a lawless life in Christ (i.e. broad-way Christianity) will be cast out of His kingdom (see Matthew 8:11-12, 25:14-30; Luke 19:11-27).

Eternal Destruction

2 Thessalonians 1:6-10- In this passage Paul refers to the justice of God in regards to retribution, or vengeance. Notice in verse 8 there are two groups mentioned; those who do not know God and those who do not obey the gospel of Jesus.

6 For after all it is only just [1342] for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you,

7 and to give relief to you who are afflicted and to us as well when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels in flaming fire,

8 dealing out retribution [1557] to those who do not know God and to those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. [See my Bible study Unbelieving Believers.]

9 And these will pay the penalty of eternal [166] destruction [3639], away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power,

10 when He comes to be glorified in His saints on that day, and to be marveled at among all who have believed-- for our testimony to you was believed.


1342 dikaios (dik'-ah-yos)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from 1349; equitable (in character or act); by implication, innocent, holy (absolutely or relatively):

KJV-- just, meet, right (-eous).

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

righteous, observing divine laws

a) in a wide sense, upright, righteous, virtuous, keeping the commands of God

1) used of those who seem to themselves to be righteous, who pride themselves to be righteous, who pride themselves in their virtues, whether real or imagined

2) innocent, faultless, guiltless

3) used of him whose way of thinking, feeling, and acting is wholly conformed to the will of God, and who therefore needs no rectification in the heart or life

4) approved by or acceptable by God

b) in a narrower sense, rendering to each his due and that in a judicial sense, passing just judgment on others, whether expressed in words or shown by the manner of dealing with them

1557 ekdikesis (ek-dik'-ay-sis)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from 1556; vindication, retribution:

KJV-- (a-, re-) venge (-ance), punishment.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

a revenging, vengeance, punishment; In 2 Cor. 7:11 --the meeting out of justice; doing justice to all parties. See Luke 18:3; 21:22. The word also has the sense of acquittal and carries the sense of vindication. (Vincent, Vol. III, p. 329)

166 aionios (ahee-o'-nee-os)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from 165 [see Revelation 20:10-15 below]; perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well):

KJV-- eternal, for ever, everlasting, world (began).

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) without beginning and end, what has always been and always will be

2) without beginning

3) without end, never to cease, everlasting

3639 olethros (ol'-eth-ros)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from a primary ollumi (to destroy; a prolonged form); ruin, i.e. death, punishment:

KJV-- destruction.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

ruin, destroy, death;

for the destruction of the flesh, said of the external ills and troubles by which the lusts of the flesh are subdued and destroyed

Other [3639] verses:

1 Corinthians 5:5- Paul is referring to a sexually immoral man that was allowed to remain in their Christian fellowship. The church in Corinth was not practicing the due order of the Lord by removing the man from their midst (v. 2~ see the Bible study Church Discipline). Paul then gives the reason why we are to hand this person over to the power of Satan; “that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.” This means that a person’s spirit can be lost.

5 I have decided to deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction [3639] of his flesh, that his spirit may be saved [4982] in the day of the Lord Jesus.


4982 sozo (sode'-zo)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from a primary sos (contraction for obsolete saoz, "safe"); to save, i.e. deliver or protect (literally or figuratively):

KJV-- heal, preserve, save (self), do well, be (make) whole.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

to save, to keep safe and sound, to rescue from danger or destruction

a) one (from injury or peril)

1) to save a suffering one (from perishing), that is, one suffering from disease, to make well, heal, restore to health

2) to preserve one who is in danger of destruction, to save or rescue

b) to save in the technical, Biblical sense; negatively:

1) to deliver from the penalties of the Messianic judgment

2) to save from the evils which obstruct the reception of the Messianic deliverance

1 Thessalonians 5:1-3 - Paul refers again to the day of the Lord and those who will be destroyed.

1 Now as to the times and the epochs, brethren, you have no need of anything to be written to you.

2 For you yourselves know full well that the day of the Lord will come just like a thief in the night.

3 While they are saying, "Peace and safety!" then destruction [3639] will come upon them suddenly like birth pangs upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.


1 Timothy 6:9

9 But those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a snare and many foolish and harmful desires which plunge men into ruin [684] and destruction [3639].


684 apoleia (ap-o'-li-a)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from a presumed derivative of 622; ruin or loss (physical, spiritual or eternal):

KJV-- damnable (-nation), destruction, die, perdition, X perish, pernicious ways, waste.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) destroying, utter destruction; used of vessels

2) a perishing, ruin, destruction

a) used of money

b) the destruction which consists of eternal misery in hell

Can A Christian Be Condemned Along With The World?

1 Corinthians 11:31-32See the Bible studies Judging The Body Rightly and Communion And The Cup Of Redemption.

31 But if we judged [1252] ourselves rightly, we should not be judged [2919].

32 But when we are judged [2919], we are disciplined by the Lord in order that we may not be condemned [2632] along with the world.


1252 diakrino (dee-ak-ree'-no);

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from 1223 and 2919; to separate thoroughly, i.e. (literally and reflexively) to withdraw from, or (by implication) oppose; figuratively, to discriminate (by implication, decide), or (reflexively) hesitate:

KJV-- contend, make (to) differ (-ence), discern, doubt, judge, be partial, stagger, waver.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) to separate, to make a distinction, to discriminate, to prefer

2) to learn by discrimination, to try, to decide, to determine, to give judgment, to decide a dispute

3) to withdraw from one, to desert

4) to separate oneself in a hostile spirit, to oppose, to strive with dispute, to contend

5) to be at variance with oneself, to hesitate, to doubt

2919 krino (kree'-no)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

properly, to distinguish, i.e. decide (mentally or judicially); by implication, to try, condemn, punish:

KJV-- avenge, conclude, condemn, damn, decree, determine, esteem, judge, go to (sue at the) law, ordain, call in question, sentence to, think.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) to separate, to put asunder, to pick out, to select, to choose

2) to approve, to esteem, to prefer

3) to be of an opinion, to deem, to think

4) to determine, to resolve, to decree

5) to judge

a) to pronounce an opinion concerning right and wrong

to be judged, that is, summoned to trial that one's case may be examined and judgment passed upon it

b) to pronounce judgment, to subject to censure, used of those who act the part of judges or arbiters in matters of common life, or pass judgment on the deeds and words of others

6) to rule, to govern; to preside over with the power of giving judicial decisions, because it was the prerogative of kings and rulers to pass judgment

7) to contend together, of warriors and combatants

a) to dispute

b) in a forensic sense; to go to law, to have suit at law

2632 katakrino (kat-ak-ree'-no)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from 2596 and 2919; to judge against, i.e. sentence:

KJV-- condemn, damn.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

to give judgment against, to judge worthy of punishment

a) to condemn

b) by one's good example to render another's wickedness the more evident and censurable

Galatians 1:6-8

6 I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him who called you by the grace of Christ, for a different gospel;

7 which is really not another; only there are some who are disturbing you, and want to distort the gospel of Christ.

8 But even though we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to that which we have preached to you, let him be accursed [331].


331 anathema (an-ath'-em-ah)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from 394; a (religious) ban or (concretely) excommunicated (thing or person):

KJV-- accused, anathema, curse, X great.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) a thing set up or laid by in order to be kept specifically, an offering resulting from a vow, which after being consecrated to a god was hung upon the walls or columns of the temple, or put in some other conspicuous place

2) a thing devoted to God without hope of being redeemed, and if an animal, to be slain; therefore, a person or thing doomed to destruction

a) a curse

b) a man accursed, devoted to the direst of woes


[ah NATH a mah] (accursed)-- the transliteration of a Greek word which means “accursed” or “separated” (Luke 21:5; Romans 9:3; Gal. 1:8-9). In the Old Testament, the word is applied to the images, altars, and sacred objects of the Canaanites (Deut. 7:23-26). The gold and silver images of their gods were “accursed” (Deut. 7:26); they were not to be kept by the Israelites but were to be destroyed with fire.

To act greedily and take what was “devoted to destruction” brought the curse on the taker as well as the entire congregation of Israel, as in the case of Achan (Joshua 7:1,11-12,20-26).

With a self-condemning oath (Mark 14:71), Peter denied that he knew Jesus. Paul pronounced a curse on preachers of a false gospel (Gal. 1:8-9). In (Romans 9:3-4) Paul said, “I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh, who are Israelites.” The phrase “accursed from Christ” means to be separated from all benefits of Jesus' life, death, and resurrection.

Early in church history, the term anathema took on an ecclesiastical meaning and was applied to a person expelled from the church because of moral offenses or persistence in heresy. The person who continued in stubborn rebellion against the church was considered “devoted to destruction.” Today the Roman Catholic Church often uses the term anathema in declarations against what it considers false beliefs.

(from Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright (C) 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

John 5:24

24 "I tell you the truth, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned [2920]; he has crossed over from death to life.


2920 krisis (kree'-sis)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

decision (subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension, a tribunal; by implication, justice (especially, divine law):

KJV-- accustion, condemnation, damnation, judgment.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) a separating, a sundering, a separation; a trial, a contest

2) selection

3) judgment

a) opinion or decision given concerning anything, especially concerning justice and injustice, right or wrong

b) sentence of condemnation, damnatory judgment, condemnation and punishment

4) the college of judges (a tribunal of seven men in the several cities of Palestine; as distinguished from the Sanhedrin, which had its seat at Jerusalem)

5) right, justice

Eternal Torment

Revelation 20:10-15

10 And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented [928] day and night forever [165] and ever [165].

11 And I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it, from whose presence earth and heaven fled away, and no place was found for them.

12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged [2919] from the things which were written in the books, according to their deeds.

13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it, and death and Hades [86] gave up the dead which were in them; and they were judged, every one of them according to their deeds.

14 And death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire.

15 And if anyone's name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.


928 basanizo (bas-an-id'-zo)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from 931; to torture:

KJV-- pain, toil, torment, toss, vex.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) to test (metals) by the touchstone [see chapter eight, The Touchstone in my book 911; God’s Last Offer To The Church], which is a black siliceous stone used to test the purity of gold or silver by the color of the streak produced on it by rubbing it with either metal

2) to question by applying torture

3) to torture

4) to vex with grievous pains (used of body or mind), to torment

5) to be harassed, to be distressed; used of those who are struggling at sea with a head wind [see my Bible study Contrary Winds]

165 aion (ahee-ohn')

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from the same as 104; properly, an age; by extension, perpetuity (also past); by implication, the world; specially (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future):

KJV-- age, course, eternal, (for) ever (-more), [n-] ever, (beginning of the while the) world (began, without end). Compare 5550.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) forever, an unbroken age, perpetuity of time, eternity

2) the worlds, the universe

3) a period of time, an age

86 haides (hah'-dace)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from 1 (as negative particle) and 1492; properly, unseen, i.e. "Hades" or the place (state) of departed souls:

KJV-- grave, hell.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) the name of Hades or Pluto, the god of the lower regions

2) Orcus, the nether world, the realm of the dead

3) the later use of this word: the grave, death, hell

In Biblical Greek it is associated with Orcus, the infernal regions, a dark and dismal place in the very depths of the earth, the common receptacle of disembodied spirits. Usually Hades is just the abode of the wicked, Luke 16:23, Rev. 20:13, 14; a very uncomfortable place.

Revelation 14:8-12

8 And another angel, a second one, followed, saying, "Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great, she who has made all the nations drink of the wine of the passion of her immorality."

9 And another angel, a third one, followed them, saying with a loud voice, "If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives a mark on his forehead or upon his hand,

10 he also will drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is mixed in full strength in the cup of His anger; and he will be tormented [928] with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb.

11 "And the smoke of their torment [928] goes up forever [165] and ever [165]; and they have no rest day and night, those who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name."

12 Here is the perseverance of the saints who keep the commandments of God and their faith in Jesus.


Daniel 12:1-2

1 "Now at that time Michael, the great prince who stands guard over the sons of your people, will arise. And there will be a time of distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time; and at that time your people, everyone who is found written in the book, will be rescued [4422- malat- “to escape, to deliver, to save”].

2 "And many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting [5769] life, but the others to disgrace and everlasting [5769] contempt [1860].


5769 `owlam (o-lawm') or `olam (o-lawm')

(Strong’s Concordance)

from 5956; properly, concealed, i.e. the vanishing point; generally, time out of mind (past or future), i.e. (practically) eternity; frequentatively, adverbial (especially with prepositional prefix) always:

KJV-- alway (-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, [n-]) ever (-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of) old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+without end). Compare 5331, 5703.

(Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon)

long duration, antiquity, futurity, forever, ever, everlasting, evermore, perpetual, old, ancient, world

a) ancient time, long time (used of the past)

b) (used of the future)

1) forever, always

2) continuous existence, perpetual

3) everlasting, indefinite or unending future, eternity

1860 dera'own (der-aw-one')

(Strong’s Concordance)

or dera'own (day-raw-one;); from an unused root (meaning to repulse); an object of aversion:

KJV-- abhorring, contempt.

(Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon)

aversion, abhorrence

Isaiah 66:23-24- The last verse in Isaiah is the only other verse in the Old Testament which uses [1860], the Hebrew word dera’own. It just happens to also speak of those who have transgressed against God. The Hebrew for transgressed is pasha’. It’s defined as “to rebel, to transgress, to revolt, to break away (from just authority).” This is that spirit that wants heaven while in rebellion against God. They have broken away from His just authority and are arrogant enough to believe they will safely walk into God’s holy presence. This teaching is the ultimate in man’s arrogance against God!

23 "And it shall be from new moon to new moon And from sabbath to sabbath, all mankind will come to bow down before me," says the LORD.

24 "Then they shall go forth and look on the corpses of the men who have transgressed [6586] against me. For their worm shall not die, and their fire shall not be quenched; and they shall be an abhorrence [1860] to all mankind."


6586 pasha` (paw-shah')

(Strong’s Concordance)

a primitive root [identical with 6585 through the idea of expansion]; to break away (from just authority), i.e. trespass, apostatize, quarrel:

KJV-- offend, rebel, revolt, transgress (-ion, -or).

(Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon)

to rebel, to transgress, to revolt

a) (Qal)

1) to rebel, to revolt

2) to transgress

b) (Niphal) to be rebelled against

Blotting Out The Memory Of A People Group

How can a people blotted out of God’s memory end up living with Him throughout eternity?

Exodus 17:14

14 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Write this in a book as a memorial, and recite it to Joshua, that I will utterly [4229] blot out [4229] the memory of Amalek from under heaven."


4229 machah (maw-khaw')

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

a primitive root; properly, to stroke or rub; by implication, to erase; also to smooth (as if with oil), i.e. grease or make fat; also to touch, i.e. reach to:

KJV-- abolish, blot out, destroy, full of marrow, put out, reach unto, X utterly, wipe (away, out).

(Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon)

1) to wipe, to wipe out

a) (Qal)

1) to wipe

2) to blot out, to obliterate

3) to blot out, to exterminate

b) (Niphal)

1) to be wiped out

2) to be blotted out

3) to be exterminated

c) (Hiphil) to blot out (from memory)

2) (Qal) to strike

3) (Pual) full of marrow (participle)

Exodus 32:31-33

31 So Moses went back to the LORD and said, "Oh, what a great sin these people have committed! They have made themselves gods of gold.

32 But now, please forgive their sin-- but if not, then blot me out of the book you have written."

33 The LORD replied to Moses, "Whoever has sinned against me I will blot out [4229] of my book.


Revelation 3:4-6Yes, it is possible for a Christian to be blotted out of the Lamb’s book of life.

4 Yet you have a few people in Sardis who have not soiled their clothes. They will walk with me, dressed in white, for they are worthy [see 1 Corinthians 11:27].

5 He who overcomes will, like them, be dressed in white. I will never blot out [1813] his name from the book of life, but will acknowledge his name before my Father and his angels.

6 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.


1813 exaleipho (ex-al-i'-fo)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from 1537 and 218; to smear out, i.e. obliterate (erase tears, figuratively, pardon sin):

KJV-- blot out, wipe away.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) to anoint or wash in every part, to besmear: that is, cover with lime (to whitewash or plaster)

2) to wipe off, to wipe away, to obliterate, to erase, to wipe out, to blot out

Deuteronomy 29:18-20

18 lest there shall be among you a man or woman, or family or tribe, whose heart turns away today from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of those nations; lest there shall be among you a root bearing poisonous fruit and wormwood.

19 "And it shall be when he hears the words of this curse, that he will boast, saying, 'I have peace though I walk in the stubbornness of my heart in order to destroy the watered land with the dry.'

20 "The LORD shall never be willing to forgive him, but rather the anger of the LORD and His jealousy will burn against that man, and every curse which is written in this book will rest on him, and the LORD will blot out [4229] his name from under heaven.


Psalm 34:15-16See the Bible study Evildoers In The House Of God.

15 The eyes of the LORD are toward the righteous, and His ears are open to their cry.

16 The face of the LORD is against evildoers, to cut off [3772] the memory of them from the earth.


3772 karath (kaw-rath')

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

a primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication, to destroy or consume; specifically, to covenant (i.e. make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces):

KJV-- be chewed, be con- [feder-] ate, covenant, cut (down, off), destroy, fail, feller, be freed, hew (down), make a league ([covenant]), X lose, perish, X utterly, X want.

(Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon)

to cut, to cut off, to cut down, to cut off a body part, to cut out, to eliminate, to kill, to cut a covenant

a) (Qal)

1) to cut off, to cut off a body part, to behead

2) to cut down

3) to hew

4) to cut (make) a covenant

b) (Niphal)

1) to be cut off

2) to be cut down

3) to be chewed

4) to be cut off, to fail

c) (Pual)

1) to be cut off

2) to be cut down

d) (Hiphil)

1) to cut off

2) to cut off, to destroy

3) to cut down, to destroy

4) to take away

5) to permit to perish

e) (Hophal) cut off

Psalm 109:14-15

14 Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered before the LORD, and do not let the sin of his mother be blotted out [4229].

15 Let them be before the LORD continually, that He may cut off their memory from the earth;


The Sin Of Presumption

Psalm 19:13- Those who believe they can willfully walk in the rebellion of their hearts and still receive eternal life are committing a “presumptuous” sin. They arrogantly believe God will wink at their rebellion and open the doors wide for that which He so greatly suffered for.

13 Also keep back Thy servant from presumptuous [2086] sins; let them not rule over me; then I shall be blameless, and I shall be acquitted of great transgression.


2086 zed (zade')

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

from 2102; arrogant:

KJV-- presumptuous, proud.

(Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon)

arrogant, proud, insolent, presumptuous

a) the arrogant ones (as a plural noun, collectively)

b) presumptuous (as an adjective)

Matthew 4:5-7- This is another form of Satan’s lie to Jesus when he tempted Him in the wilderness to jump off the pinnacle and assume angels would catch Him.

5 Then the devil took Him into the holy city; and he had Him stand on the pinnacle [4419] of the temple,

6 and said to Him, "If You are the Son of God throw Yourself down; for it is written, 'He will give His angels charge concerning You'; and 'On their hands they will bear You up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.'" [Satan, the “twisted serpent,” twists Psalm 91:11-12 to try and trip up Jesus, the living word, using His own Word!]

7 Jesus said to him, "On the other hand, it is written, 'You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.'"


4419 pterugion (pter-oog'-ee-on)

(Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance)

neuter of a presumed derivative of 4420; a winglet, i.e. (figuratively) extremity (top corner):

KJV-- pinnacle.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) a wing, a little wing

2) any pointed extremity

a) used of fins of fishes

b) used of part of a dress hanging down in the form of a wing

c) used of the top of the temple at Jerusalem


A part of the Temple mentioned in the temptation of Jesus (Matt. 4:5; Luke 4:9). The pinnacle was an elevated part of the Temple now unknown. It probably was either the battlement or the roof of Solomon's Porch. Whatever its exact location, the pinnacle offered a vast view of Jerusalem.

(from Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright (C) 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

Jeremiah 23:16-17; 21-22

16 This is what the LORD Almighty says: "Do not listen to what the prophets are prophesying to you; they fill you with false hopes. They speak visions from their own minds, not from the mouth of the LORD.

17 They keep saying to those who despise [5006] me, 'The LORD says: You will have peace.' And to all who follow the stubbornness [8307] of their hearts they say, 'No harm will come to you.'

21 I did not send these prophets, yet they have run with their message; I did not speak to them, yet they have prophesied.

22 But if they had stood in my council, they would have proclaimed my words to my people and would have turned them from their evil ways and from their evil deeds.


5006 na'ats (naw-ats')

(Strong’s Concordance)

a primitive root; to scorn; or (Ecclesiastes 12:5) by interchange for 5132, to bloom:

KJV-- abhor, (give occasion to) blaspheme, contemn, despise, flourish, X great, provoke.

(Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon)

to spurn, to contemn, to despise, to abhor

a) (Qal) to spurn, to contemn

b) (Piel)

1) to spurn

2) to cause to contemn

c) (Hiphil) to spurn

d) (Hithpolel) to be contemned

8307 sheriyruwth (sher-ee-rooth')

(Strong’s Concordance)

from 8324 [see the def. right below] in the sense of twisted, i.e. firm; obstinacy:

KJV-- imagination, lust.

(Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon)

stubbornness, hardness, firmness

8324 sharar (shaw-rar')

(Strong’s Concordance)

a primitive root; to be hostile (only active participle an opponent):

KJV-- enemy.

(Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon)


to be an enemy

Romans 2:5-11- Those who believe in universalism believe even those who are NOT seeking immortality will still receive eternal life. Why “seek” (which means “to seek in order to find, to strive after, to aim at”), why persevere for something if every person who turns to Christ is going to obtain it no matter what (i.e. once saved always saved) in the end?

5 But because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God,

6 who will render to every man according to his deeds:

7 to those who by perseverance in doing good seek for glory and honor and immortality [861], eternal [166- see def. in 1 Thess. 1:6-10 on p. 3] life;

8 but to those who are selfishly ambitious and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, wrath and indignation.

9 There will be tribulation and distress for every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek,

10 but glory and honor and peace to every man who does good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.

11 For there is no partiality with God.


861 aphthrsia (af-thar-see'-ah)

(Strong’s Concordance)

from 862; incorruptibility; genitive case unending existence; (figuratively) genuineness:

KJV-- immortality, incorruption, sincerity.

(Thayer’s Greek Dictionary)

1) incorruption, perpetuity

2) purity, sincerity, incorrupt

Deuteronomy 29:17-21Under the old covenant it was an extreme offense if they walked in known rebellion against God and then arrogantly declared that they were secure in Him. It hasn’t changed under the new covenant in the blood of Christ. In fact, according to the writer of Hebrews it’s an even more arrogant offense against God (Hebrews 10:26-31).

17 "Moreover, you have seen their abominations and their idols of wood, stone, silver, and gold, which they had with them);

18 lest there shall be among you a man or woman, or family or tribe, whose heart turns away today from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of those nations; lest there shall be among you a root bearing poisonous fruit and wormwood.

19 "And it shall be when he hears the words of this curse, that he will boast, saying, 'I have peace though I walk in the stubbornness of my heart in order to destroy the watered land with the dry.'

20 "The LORD shall never be willing to forgive him, but rather the anger of the LORD and His jealousy will burn against that man, and every curse which is written in this book will rest on him, and the LORD will blot out [4229- see def. above] his name from under heaven.

21 "Then the LORD will single him out for adversity from all the tribes of Israel, according to all the curses of the covenant which are written in this book of the law.


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